Hangover syndrome is a consequence of a long intoxication of the body with alcohol. When a person stops drinking, voluntarily or compulsorily, there is a great discomfort, called a hangover. Man does not want to perceive the surrounding reality adequately and seeks to soften the hangover with new doses of alcohol, which leads to a vicious circle.
In medicine, this phenomenon is called an abstinence crisis and is considered a serious ailment, burdened by a whole complex of mental and physiological problems.
People with abstinence syndrome find it difficult to cope with the disease on their own. It is often necessary to remove from drinking-bout medicaments and without outside help. There are also many ways to quickly and effectively treat a hangover in popular ways.
Signs and stages
Hangover syndrome has its clinical picture. Common symptoms are as follows:
- trembling hands, knees, and head
- unwillingness to eat
- periodic vomiting and nausea
- subfebrile temperature.
Modern pharmaceuticals provide a wide range of drugs and tablets for the treatment of hangover syndrome, both independently and under the supervision of specialists.
If there is a second or third degree of alcoholism, to stabilize the mental state, doctors additionally prescribe sedatives:
- Atenolol or Propranolol, related to the group of beta-blockers. Most often, it is taken by patients who have an abstinence syndrome, as a consequence of prolonged intoxication of the body.
- Various drugs from the barbiturate group. The treatment of these medicines by some specialists is considered obsolete. Usually, they are replaced with benzodiazepines, which do not have serious contraindications and do not cause addiction.
- Chlordiazepoxide or Diazepam (for conventional therapy), as well as Oxazepam or available in pharmacies Lorazepam (for rapid removal from a hangover). These drugs represent a group of benzodiazepines. They have both a restorative and sedative effect.
- In addition, therapy can be carried out with special medications designed to develop a patient’s aversion to alcohol. However, treatment with such drugs is carried out according to the individual program, which includes several sessions.
Diuretic drugs are prescribed (these remedies quickly release toxins). For people experiencing an abstinence crisis, it is difficult to resist the syndrome on their own. In addition to drug therapy, psychological support is needed.
The specialist has several sessions:
- identification of the causes that led to alcohol dependence
- explaining to the patient the processes that occur in the body and nervous system
- coding for aversion to alcohol (with the permission of the patient).
Psychotherapy can include only individual conversations or alternate with a visit by a patient to a special group where the person is given the opportunity to communicate with the other people with an abstinence syndrome and see their problems from the outside.