Lorazepam refers to the drugs of the benzodiazepine group; its purpose is to treat anxious conditions. Along the way, it removes the excitation of the nervous system, eliminates insomnia, relaxes muscles, helps with convulsions and nausea. The drug is recommended to use no more than four weeks, therapy should be carried out strictly according to the scheme prescribed by the doctor. Since this medicine is addictive, it is necessary to use it in the short-term treatment.
Exposure to the organism
The therapeutic value of the drug is that it not only treats a panic attack of fear, but also facilitates neurotic states, born of stress.
It is recommended with muscle tension, as a muscle relaxant. The removal of spasms in the muscles occurs quickly and regardless of the cause of their occurrence – psychological or physical in training.
Effective as the cure for seizures. The drug is used against epileptic seizures (with caution). The drug has a sedative and hypnotic effect. With it, you can prevent vomiting.
It must be remembered that when it is misused and often used, its effectiveness decreases, but it can become addictive.
How does dependence happen?
As a rule, addiction begins after the therapeutic use of the drug is disrupted. This applies to the dosage and duration of the treatment. The course should not last more than four weeks, and the maximum dosage should not exceed:
- in ampoules from 4 to 8 ml
- in tablets from 0.5 to 2.5 mg, intermediate – 1, 2 mg.
Regular reception is recommended: two-three and four-time.
If the patient begins to violate the use of the medicine, he or she is exposed to the danger of getting addiction related to the category of drug addiction. Peak effects in abusers occur 10 minutes after the injection in a vein and an hour after intramuscular injection. During oral administration, this period is stretched to 90-120 minutes.
Signs of consumption
A person abusing Lorazepam can be identified by very specific signs. His or her behavior and physical state change. He or she is often in a state of euphoria or the behavior is characterized by apathy and drowsiness. There are bouts of inexplicable aggressiveness in everyday life and in communication at work. The mood can change dramatically in a short period of time. He or she is not organized, forgets to fulfill the duties. The gait becomes insecure and shaky. In the standing position, a patient staggers. There are noticeable defects in the skin. Interviewing and communicating is difficult, a person has a fuzzy speech, thoughts jump from one to another, so it is impossible to conduct a dialogue.
Consequences of use
Harmful effects of taking the drugs are only when they are abused. If the therapeutic treatment is carried out without violations, then the body takes Lorazepam tolerantly. Complications of addicts can arise from different organs and systems.
From the side of the central nervous system, there are increased fatigue, muscle weakness, dizziness, attacks of amnesia, ataxia. In the GIT system – dry mouth and nausea, loss of appetite, stool. From the internal organs – liver dysfunction, kidney failure.
The response of blood vessels to intravenous administration may be phlebitis and thrombosis.
Negative pathological changes are minor or severe. It depends on the degree of addiction and the level of intoxication of the body.
The treatment of dependence
Abolition of Lorazepam causes severe conditions of withdrawal symptoms. They can be bought only with the help of cleansing IV, which must be done in a hospital or at home by professionals. Detoxification is only the first stage of addiction treatment. Then the patient needs to undergo a course of rehabilitation. Only comprehensive treatment in the narcological clinic helps the addict get rid of dependence forever.